Tqdm Subprocess

tqdm(total = 100) def myfunc (a): time. py из репозитория python и скопируйте его в нужный каталог. This week we welcome Jeff Forcier (@bitprophet) as our PyDev of the Week. pip3 install tqdm. This enumerate. 158 بازدید ۷ ماه پیش. def wait_for_standing_subprocess(proc, timeout=None): """Waits for a subprocess started by start_standing_subprocess to finish or times out. Popen()らしい。. Shiboken generates bindings for C++ libraries using CPython source code …. multiprocessing import (align, mono_align_equal, compile_train_graphs, acc_stats, tree_stats, convert_alignments, convert_ali_to_textgrids, calc_fmllr) from. Tqdm don't work while running pytest with "-s" 2. urlretrieve documentation > If present, the hook function will be called once > on establishment of the network connection and once after each block read > thereafter. org item tags). py > ls templates/ template. Python method getcwd() returns current working directory of a process. autoinit import pycuda. N caffe2 N distributed N store_ops_test_util C StoreOpsTests N experiments N python N device_reduce_sum_bench C Benchmark C BenchmarkMeta C SoftMaxWithLoss C SumElements C SumSqrElements N SparseTransformer C NetDefNode N python N attention C AttentionType N binarysize C Trie N brew C HelperWrapper. Because the output of subprocess is now binary instead of a regular string. com/gto76/python-cheatsheet/master/README. The engine includes a builtin tqdm progress bar; this can be disabled by setting pyphi. import multiprocessing. Guide Python PEP - Python Python Developer's Guide - Python Google Python Style Guide - Google Python Style Guide - Google (Chinese) Kenneth Reitz Stylized PEP8: Style Guide for Python Code The Hi. Using subprocess. I set my input faces to begin training and after an all-day session, it just errored out. Programs dedicated for retrieving files are more powerful than Python functions like urlretrieve , e. Python Comparison Operators Example - These operators compare the values on either sides of them and decide the relation among them. I hope this will help you to perfectly time when to take a coffee. Python Github Star Ranking at 2017/06/10. Number of supported packages: 473. call ([thirdparty_binary. tqdm always gets updated in the background, but it will display only every mininterval. The simplest way to spawn a second is to instantiate a Process object with a target function and call start() to let it begin working. At the moment, I am trying to add a pro. """ from __future__ import print_function import sys import inspect import multiprocessing from. rpm Pretty-print tabular data in Python, a library and a command-line utility. The python-catalin is a blog created by Catalin George Festila. base import BaseAligner, TEMP_DIR, TriphoneFmllrConfig as f: subprocess. jupyter/jupyter_notebook_config. display import HTML import matplotlib. This was due to incorrect use of the interpolate-method =--keep-last= did not work for pyFoamClearCase. pip3 install opencv-python. py из репозитория python и скопируйте его в нужный каталог. こんにちは、なりなりです(^ ^)Juno for JupyterRational Matter仕事効率化無料iPhone、iPadでの最高のPython開発環境、Juno for Jupyterで利用できるモジュールを確認してみました。. Python Quick Tip: Simple ThreadPool Parallelism Published Oct 28, 2015 Last updated Feb 09, 2017 Parallelism isn't always easy, but by breaking our code down into a form that can be applied over a map, we can easily adjust it to be run in parallel!. 각각 설치후 Anaconda Prompt 관리자 권한으로 실행. Python 字典(Dictionary) items()方法 描述 Python 字典(Dictionary) items() 函数以列表返回可遍历的(键, 值) 元组数组。 语法 items()方法语法: dict. subprocess — サブプロセス管理 — Python 3. AM 08:00 さーて、頼まれてたクローラー、サクサクつーくろ ( ・ω・)ノ オー PM 01:00 ふーむ、あらかたscrapyで用意することできたわ 単純なクローラーだったらサクッて作れるね ( ^ω^)おっおっおつ PM 01:15 でも、ちっと連続でクローリングするbotみたいなもの 作りたいから、もうちょ…. They are extracted from open source Python projects. The builtin Python subprocess. They are also called Relational operators. debsudo apt-get -f installsudo dpkg -i sogoupinyin_xxxx. Become a Member Donate to the PSF. 2 to Python 2. As the resident senior developer (err, old fogey), I feel it's my duty to tell you about the only TRUE Python development environment you will ever need: VIM. This was due to incorrect use of the interpolate-method =--keep-last= did not work for pyFoamClearCase. Python Github Star Ranking at 2016/08/31. These instructions assume that you do not already have Python installed on your machine. Download python36-conda-4. Python Quick Tip: Simple ThreadPool Parallelism Published Oct 28, 2015 Last updated Feb 09, 2017 Parallelism isn't always easy, but by breaking our code down into a form that can be applied over a map, we can easily adjust it to be run in parallel!. deb Then config: System Settings -> Language Support -> Keyboard input metho. 追記 20180316: この記事は Python 2 を対象としています。 Python 3 の場合は PIL は無く、その代わりに PIL のフォークで Pillow というライブラリがありそれが PIL と同様の使い方で利用できるので、そちらを利用するのがよいでしょう。. 19:24:00,None,4,2 ?,2109,4902,2008-02-14. The following are code examples for showing how to use subprocess32. linalg as la from IPython. def wait_for_standing_subprocess(proc, timeout=None): """Waits for a subprocess started by start_standing_subprocess to finish or times out. Task Frank runs 15. This text sometimes includes instructions about knitting techniques, a personal background story, or a reference to a larger collection of patterns by the same designer. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. View Richard Davies’ profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. pip安装 pip install tqdm --trusted-host pypi. Shiboken generates bindings for C++ libraries using CPython source code …. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. Even more handy is somewhat controversially-named setdefault(key, val) which sets the value of the key only if it is not already in the dict, and returns that value in any case:. 64-bitowe biblioteki współdzielone. The Python Discord. import concurrent. autoinit import pycuda. x was the last monolithic release of IPython, containing the notebook server, qtconsole, etc. 3) A gdb-like Python3 Debugger in the Trepan family. This is not. Learn more. Python subprocess32 模块, TimeoutExpired() 实例源码. #必要なライブラリの読み込み import numpy as np # linear algebra import pandas as pd # data processing, CSV file I/O (e. Among the new major new features and changes in the 3. News about the dynamic, interpreted, interactive, object-oriented, extensible programming language Python. pythonさんから、うにっくすこまんどunix commandを呼び出すモジュールsubprocess. import keras. Its usefulness can not be summarized in a single line. Description. run() to start an external command, which is a wrapper for the underlying subprocess. Gallery About Documentation Support About Anaconda, Inc. Popen module is great, but it can be a bit clunky at times. If you are about to ask a "how do I do this in python" question, please try r/learnpython, the Python discord, or the #python IRC channel on FreeNode. rpm for CentOS 7 from EPEL repository. It's something to do with my GPU it seems, but not quite sure how to troubleshoot. Welcome to Paramiko!¶ Paramiko is a Python (2. This also uncovered a bug where if you're using twine in a situation where * is not expanded by your shell, we might also miss uploading signatures to PyPI. Python method getcwd() returns current working directory of a process. La nouvelle clé USB Ubuntu-fr est en prévente Rendez-vous sur la boutique En Vente Libre. (python에서 thread를 쓰는 것은. subprocess — サブプロセス管理 — Python 3. I am trying to implement a tqdm progress bar, but have no idea on how to do this when calling ffmpeg with check_output. This module intends to replace several older modules and functions: os. python subprocess. txt) or read book online for free. 7), tcpdump Homepage: http://lcamtuf. """ A module to provide a mechanism to ease network tuning. Learn more. Library to program and control the FTDI USB controller. subprocess — サブプロセス管理 — Python 3. Shapely is a Python package for manipulation and analysis of planar geometric objects. Если это не сработает, просто возьмите subprocess. import os import shutil from tqdm import tqdm import re from. check_outputはもう古いらしい。 マニュアル 17. Tqdm don't work while running pytest with "-s" 2. I want to store a large LIDAR dataset as a VRT so I can quickly query for elevation values in the entire state of Massachussets. This is not. rpm for CentOS 7 from EPEL repository. Task Allen runs 18. magic so that the notebook will reload external python modules % load_ext watermark % load_ext autoreload % autoreload 2 import sys import numpy as np import pandas as pd from math import ceil from tqdm import trange from subprocess import call from itertools import islice from sklearn. pip3 install seaborn. tasks (list): of tuples, used as args for func: func: Teh function to execute in the threads, func must yield a progress in int """. Default: 1--skip-invalid-size-inputs-valid-test: ignore too long or too short lines in valid and test set. pythonでImportError: No module named ・・・が出たときの確認方法と対処. Sat, 26 Jan 2019 00:54:48 GMT academic/fet Updated for version 5. You'll also get a simple rule of thumb for how to pick the best general purpose string formatting approach in your own programs. com/gto76/python-cheatsheet/master/README. you pass a function that urlretrieve calls with 3 arguments. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. python subprocess. deb Then config: System Settings -> Language Support -> Keyboard input metho. #3802 Fix: Removed ndg-httpsclient and pyasn dependencies from OSX requirements file because they shouldn’t be necessary. Unix環境でのプログラミング方法,研究室の実験環境を学ぶ; 自然言語処理で頻繁に使われる処理を題材としてプログラミング演習を行うことで,スムースに研究に取り組める力を養います. Programs dedicated for retrieving files are more powerful than Python functions like urlretrieve , e. Fix: Changed tqdm dependency to a temporarily forked removing the "man" directory write permissions issue installing the pip package. ocr() must be sufficiently privileged to perform these actions. 可以配置python3. They are also called Relational operators. Name Version Summary / License In Installer _ipyw_jlab_nb_ext_conf: 0. """ A module to provide a mechanism to ease network tuning. I want to store a large LIDAR dataset as a VRT so I can quickly query for elevation values in the entire state of Massachussets. request Dataset of research papers (full text) and abstracts. This module intends to replace several older modules and functions: os. PIPE to be able to read the standard output of the process using process. #必要なライブラリの読み込み import numpy as np # linear algebra import pandas as pd # data processing, CSV file I/O (e. AutoML実装の一つであるAuto-Kerasを使ってみました。 Auto-Kerasのインストールから、チュートリアルにあるMNISTの分類モデルの作成までです。. driver as cuda import gflags as flags FLAGS = flags. pip3 install keras. subprocess — サブプロセス管理 — Python 3. Platform specific directives: The full set of format codes supported varies across platforms, because Python calls the platform C library's strftime() function, and platform variations are common. Even more handy is somewhat controversially-named setdefault(key, val) which sets the value of the key only if it is not already in the dict, and returns that value in any case:. 0 for 32-bit Linux with Python 3. # from tqdm import tqdm import tensorflow as tf import numpy as np import utilstf as utl import pickle import logging import time import subprocess # logtime = time. load()函数添加进度条(如tqdm)?. Pillow¶ Pillow is the friendly PIL fork by Alex Clark and Contributors. Source: Python’s strftime documentation. Page 16 of 17 - New open project “Astronomy Linux” - posted in Astronomy Software & Computers: INDIGO works with dcd. However, I am having trouble actually creating the mosaic. La nouvelle clé USB Ubuntu-fr est en prévente Rendez-vous sur la boutique En Vente Libre. 本文实例讲述了Python基于time模块求程序运行时间的方法. md), [PDF](https://gto76. Quote:Simply trying to copy and paste a bunch of files into a directory would create a nightmare situation, the likes of which the world has never seen. Bottle is a fast, simple and lightweight WSGI micro web-framework for Python. Hi there fellas. 隣の人のpc上で動いてるvmに乗り込んで作業するはずだったんだけど ip変わったらしく、繋がらない。 だいたい範囲わかっ. 2 to Python 2. 10 (Installation)python-docx is a Python library for creating and updating Microsoft Word (. 2 перейдите со своим браузером, чтобы:. 我想将大型LIDAR数据集作为VRT存储,以便在Massachussets的整个状态中快速查询高程值。但是,我实际上无法创建拼接图。由于数据集的内存为21GB,因此使用gdal_merge. Stack Exchange Network. 01-3kali1 Architecture: i386 Maintainer: Kali Developers Installed-Size: 41 Depends: libc6 (>= 2. debsudo apt-get -f installsudo dpkg -i sogoupinyin_xxxx. Be cautious if you are using a Python install that is managed by your operating system or another package manager. 皆さんこんにちわ お元気ですか?私はきついです。さて、Pythonにはosと呼ばれるライブラリが存在しています。 研究する時にファイル分割してトレーニングとテストを探すとかやったりしますね。. The builtin Python subprocess. Task Frank runs 15. Hi there fellas. Overhead is low -- about 60ns per iteration (80ns with tqdm. multiprocessing is a package that supports spawning processes using an API similar to the threading module. 皆さんこんにちわ お元気ですか?私はきついです。さて、Pythonにはosと呼ばれるライブラリが存在しています。 研究する時にファイル分割してトレーニングとテストを探すとかやったりしますね。. 隣の人のpc上で動いてるvmに乗り込んで作業するはずだったんだけど ip変わったらしく、繋がらない。 だいたい範囲わかっ. Multi-language editor with function/class browser, code analysis features (pyflakes and pylint are currently supported), code completion, horizontal and vertical splitting, and goto definition. In addition to its low overhead, tqdm uses smart algorithms to predict the remaining time and to skip unnecessary iteration displays, which allows for a negligible overhead in most cases. No need to call stop_standing_subprocess() to kill it. The official forum for Python programming language. conda install ipython pip install ninja yacs cython matplotlib tqdm opencv-python. 10 OpenCV 2. This was due to incorrect use of the interpolate-method =--keep-last= did not work for pyFoamClearCase. TypeError: expected str, bytes or os. system command is easy to use, but it doesn't have much flexibility. I want to store a large LIDAR dataset as a VRT so I can quickly query for elevation values in the entire state of Massachussets. … python-shapely 1. OK, I Understand. tqdm thread subprocess ffmpeg. In particular, these are some of the core packages:. It's just me, I'm sure, but this movie might have benefitted from a somewhat more documentarian approach, but with respect to other movies of this ilk, it's a solid four stars. However, I am having trouble actually creating the mosaic. 0 for 32-bit Linux with Python 3. python-catalin python language, tutorials, tutorial, python, programming, development, python modules, python module. 5, the subprocess contains the method subprocess. Any object in python can be pickled so that it can be saved on disk. Learn the four main approaches to string formatting in Python, as well as their strengths and weaknesses. import concurrent. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the exmaples you don't like. Having said that, I would strongly recommend that you install the tools and libraries described in the guides below before you start building Python applications. Description. Programs dedicated for retrieving files are more powerful than Python functions like urlretrieve , e. Bottle is a fast, simple and lightweight WSGI micro web-framework for Python. 顔写真のディープラーニングでウェブアプリ作成. There is no currently no option to manage how jobs are scheduled other than the argument jobs= which will limit the number of worker processes. Raspian is the official operating system for the Raspberry Pi. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the exmaples you don't like. All gists Back to GitHub. Any object in python can be pickled so that it can be saved on disk. As of IPython 4. This is a simple example with two modules named: mayavi and moviepy. Если это не сработает, просто возьмите subprocess. Python 字典(Dictionary) items()方法 描述 Python 字典(Dictionary) items() 函数以列表返回可遍历的(键, 值) 元组数组。 语法 items()方法语法: dict. Avoid unnecessary frequent bar refreshing: mininterval defines how long to wait between each refresh. 간단하게 웹에서 데이터를 긁어올 일이 있어 mechanize를 이용해 로그인을 하고 데이터를 수집하려고 했으나 일반적인 방법으로는 속도가 너무 느려 gevent를 활용하여 개발하였다. This is not an issue in practice because it is typically most efficient to only parallelize the top level computation. """An example of wrapping manual tqdm updates for urllib reporthook. emit (record) [source] ¶ Emit a record. A finite element solver for the Helmholtz equation (using Fenics and Gmsh):¶ In [81]: from dolfin import * import mshr import numpy as np import numpy. At the moment, I am trying to add a pro. python subprocess. Propagates the exception raised by the subprocess. getcwd() Parameters. Libro Hipertexto Fisica 2 - Free ebook download as PDF File (. CPUs with multiple cores have become the standard in the recent development of modern computer architectures and we can not only find them in supercomputer facilities but also in our desktop machines at home, and our laptops; even Apple's iPhone 5S got a 1. Number of supported packages: 485. python的Tqdm模块的使用_Python_脚本语言_IT 经验这篇文章主要介绍了python的Tqdm模块的使用,小编觉得挺不错的,现在分享给大家,也给大家做个参考。. tqdmはもちろんインストールされているし、なんせ最初に. I am trying to implement a tqdm progress bar, but have no idea on how to do this when calling ffmpeg with check_output. Method by hand: download the sources, either on PyPI or (if you want the development version) on Github, unzip everything in one folder, open a terminal and type ( sudo ) python setup. pyという名前で保存しました。. 0 for 32-bit Linux with Python 3. Python method getcwd() returns current working directory of a process. display import HTML import matplotlib. The multiprocessing package offers both local and remote concurrency, effectively side-stepping the Global Interpreter Lock by using subprocesses instead of threads. pip3 install keras. The engine includes a builtin tqdm progress bar; this can be disabled by setting pyphi. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. 0) A requests-like API built on top of twisted. driver as cuda import gflags as flags FLAGS = flags. The builtin Python subprocess. Posted on 1 December 2015 by datasock Knitting patterns for sale on Ravelry are accompanied by a text description going from a few words to a full page story in several languages. What pickle does is that it "serialises" the object first before writing it to file. … python2-subunit-bootstrap 1. Python method getcwd() returns current working directory of a process. Wrap pip subprocess calls in conda-env more cleanly and uniformly (#8307) Revert conda prepending to PATH in cli main file on windows (#8307) Simplify conda run code to use activation subprocess wrapper. This is the place to post completed Scripts/Snippets that you can ask for people to help optimize your code or just share what you have made (large or small). tqdm thread subprocess ffmpeg. 3 for use on Python 2. While it leverages a Python C extension for low level cryptography (Cryptography), Paramiko itself is a pure Python interface around SSH networking concepts. TimeoutExpired () Examples. 追記 20180316: この記事は Python 2 を対象としています。 Python 3 の場合は PIL は無く、その代わりに PIL のフォークで Pillow というライブラリがありそれが PIL と同様の使い方で利用できるので、そちらを利用するのがよいでしょう。. 执行这段测试程序会报错:"TypeError: 'NoneType' object is not iterable" 这里是没有考虑到else的情况,在if条件不满足时,函数默认返回None。. Learn how to package your Python code for PyPI. This script will quickly install Spring from binary. Avoid unnecessary frequent bar refreshing: mininterval defines how long to wait between each refresh. python tqdm tutorial سارا. * python2-tabulate-. If you try to stop a CPython program using Control-C, the interpreter throws a KeyboardInterrupt exception. pip3 install opencv-python. request Dataset of research papers (full text) and abstracts. transifex-client (0. This was due to incorrect use of the interpolate-method =--keep-last= did not work for pyFoamClearCase. 2-1) [universe] DNS Zone abstraction Python module python-ebooklib (0. mp4", shell=True) I cam across this Can ffmpeg show a progress. Skip to content. models import Model from keras. Python並列処理で検索するとまずでてくるのがmultiprocessingかJoblibです. 両者とも様々に解説記事が上がっていますが,multiprocessingよりもJoblibの方が, 並列化する関数に引数に配列以外の形が取れる Ctrl+cで終了した時に子. Packages included in Anaconda 5. On POSIX systems… python2-subunit 1. Support for 7zip files in Python is limited. 使用 from time import s mysql--构造数据、导入导出. Passing arguments to. Eric is a systems guy. tasks (list): of tuples, used as args for func: func: Teh function to execute in the threads, func must yield a progress in int """. Eric is interested in building high-performance and scalable distributed systems and related technologies. urlretrieve documentation > If present, the hook function will be called once > on establishment of the network connection and once after each block read > thereafter. subprocess. """ A module to provide a mechanism to ease network tuning. I have at last found the time to try Keras ! It is so much easier to get started and running than Tensorflow, although of course this comes at the price of some flexibility. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Richard’s connections and jobs at similar companies. Raspian is the official operating system for the Raspberry Pi. If you prefer to have conda plus over 720 open source packages, install Anaconda. The intent of this page is to list some of the most commonly used Python modules, in the hope that it will provide useful recommendations for other programmers (especially beginners). Learn more. pip3 install seaborn. A truly pythonic cheat sheet about Python programming language. 2 перейдите со своим браузером, чтобы:. linalg as la from IPython. Process to spawn subprocesses. Packages included in Anaconda 5. academic/ncbi-blast+: Updated for version 2. Hi there fellas. Although pandas and other data processing libraries have the ability to directly read gzip and bz2 files, some of the compression algorithms used by 7zip are not well supported by available Python modules. Python version: 3. 集成很多packages,省去一一下载的麻烦; 3). """ A module to provide a mechanism to ease network tuning. AutoML実装の一つであるAuto-Kerasを使ってみました。 Auto-Kerasのインストールから、チュートリアルにあるMNISTの分類モデルの作成までです。. Task Marlon runs 8. Installing Python Packages from a Jupyter Notebook Tue 05 December 2017 In software, it's said that all abstractions are leaky , and this is true for the Jupyter notebook as it is for any other software. Dagobah allows you to schedule periodic jobs using Cron syntax. SciPy (pronounced “Sigh Pie”) is a Python-based ecosystem of open-source software for mathematics, science, and engineering. Page 16 of 17 - New open project “Astronomy Linux” - posted in Astronomy Software & Computers: INDIGO works with dcd. { "last_update": "2019-10-11 14:30:19", "query": { "bytes_billed": 63343427584, "bytes_processed": 63342974297, "cached": false, "estimated_cost": "0. 全てのスレッドを列挙する¶. OK, I Understand. Sign in Sign up. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the exmaples you don't like. It is used for serializing and de-serializing a Python object structure. subprocess. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. If so, you do not need to install or configure anything else to use Python. python subprocess. 本ページでは、Jupyter Notebook の概要と基本的な使い方について紹介します。 Jupyter Notebook とは. base import BaseAligner, TEMP_DIR, TriphoneFmllrConfig as f: subprocess. GitHub Gist: star and fork ConceptCodes's gists by creating an account on GitHub. 顔写真のディープラーニングでウェブアプリ作成. 之前在DCGAN文章简单解读里说明了DCGAN的原理。本次来实现一个DCGAN,并在数据集上实际测试它的效果。本次的代码来自github开源代码DCGAN-tensorflow,感谢carpedm20的贡献!. 4以降には、標準で付属しています。. title,id,creator,activity,assignee,priority,status ,1030422,1587,2004-09-18. 1; win-64 v4. PyPI helps you find and install software developed and shared by the Python community. import os import shutil import subprocess import re from tqdm import tqdm from. academic/ncbi-blast+: Updated for version 2. conda install ipython pip install ninja yacs cython matplotlib tqdm opencv-python. 6 activate mykeras python -m pip install --upgrade pip pip install tensorflow conda install -c menpo opencv conda install -n mykeras keras pandas scikit-learn tqdm 학습 train. mp4", shell=True) I cam across this Can ffmpeg show a progress. from tqdm import tqdm for y in tqdm (pool. conda file format ¶. 아미(아름다운미소) Tags. tqdm always gets updated in the background, but it will display only every mininterval. """An example of wrapping manual tqdm updates for urllib reporthook. 我们从Python开源项目中,提取了以下16个代码示例,用于说明如何使用subprocess32. Although pandas and other data processing libraries have the ability to directly read gzip and bz2 files, some of the compression algorithms used by 7zip are not well supported by available Python modules. 不需要配置PYTHON环境变量; 2). I have at last found the time to try Keras ! It is so much easier to get started and running than Tensorflow, although of course this comes at the price of some flexibility. Quote:Simply trying to copy and paste a bunch of files into a directory would create a nightmare situation, the likes of which the world has never seen. Task Allen runs 18. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: